Economic Boycott for Racial Equality - Durham's 1968 Black Christmas Parade
It was a little chilly, but a beautiful day, the morning of November 29th, 1968. Everyone was lined up on Fayetteville Street as the yearly Christmas Parade began. The high school band played all of the best Christmas carols and performers were festively dressed to the nines. Pretty cars with smiling people pulled elaborate floats slowly down the street, and kids with big toothy smiles toppled over one another to catch the candy that was being tossed out to the crowd. Something about this day though, was different than it had ever been.
The Selective Buying Campaign, started in mid-July 1968, targeted white merchants in downtown Durham. More than twenty-nine businesses were put on the “do-not-patronize” list by the Black Solidarity Committee for Community Improvement until their 88 requests relating to welfare, public housing, and equal protection under the law were addressed. This parade turned out to be a monumental event for the movement.
Every year a white Christmas parade was held in Downtown Durham, but this year, on the same day, there were two parades, one for whites on Main Street and one for blacks on Fayetteville Street. At the very end of the Fayetteville parade, a black Santa Claus was displayed atop a white float. Santa stood proud symbolizing the unity of the black community under what the civil rights legacy tour calls the most successful boycott while serving as a reminder to avoid shopping in the white downtown business district that holiday season.
The large turnout and the estimated $900,000 losses incurred by the white businesses showed the inspiration surrounded what came to be known the Black Christmas Parade. After this day fourteen more businesses were added to the “do-not patronize” list and once the holidays were over six joint committees were created to address the eighty-eight boycott requests.
The downtown business boycott is remembered as the first demonstration of strong unity within the black community for a common cause. That November, black Santa brought hope and new promise for blacks in Durham. This gift became tangible on February 16th, 1969 when the campaign came to an official close. For the first time blacks joined the joined the job market of downtown Durham, holding jobs as clerks, bank tellers and some even managers of department stores. The year of 1968 Durham’s black community called on Santa Claus to help them fulfill their Christmas wishes and though not on Christmas Day, they were at least, in part, granted.